Cocaine is a white powder extracted from the coca plant and one of the most highly addictive substances known. People can snort the powder, which causes its effects on the brain to be felt quickly, or dissolve the powder in water and inject it intravenously. During the 1970s, users developed a method for separating the most potent chemicals in cocaine by heating it with ether which paved its way for the appearance of freebase cocaine. This produced a cocaine base, or freebase, that is even more powerful. It is usually smoked in a water pipe or is mixed in a tobacco or marijuana cigarette. Crack is a form of free-base cocaine that is boiled down into tiny chunks, or rocks, which are usually smoked.
The nucleus accumbens and the ventral tegmental area are the parts of the brain being activated by cocaine. These parts of the brain are known to register the feelings of pleasure and reward. The releasing of dopamine into the synapses in these areas of the brain and then binds to receptors on neighboring synapses happen when a pleasurable event happens. A pleasurable feeling is maintained when the dopamine is accumulated in the synapse when cocaine is taken in because cocaine blocks the reuptake of dopamine into the transmitting neuron .
Feelings of great self-esteem, alertness, energy, and a general feeling of competence, creativity, and social acceptability happens after the initial sense of euphoria produced by the taken in of cocaine. The feeling of being drugged is not often felt. A feeling of becoming the person they always wanted to be happens instead. Cocaine produces feelings of grandiosity, impulsiveness, hypersexuality, compulsive behavior, agitation, and anxiety, reaching the point of panic and paranoia when taken in very heavy dosage. Feelings of exhaustion and depression happens after stopping the use of the substance which is often followed by sleeping for long amounts of time. Users also feel an intense craving for more of the substance, both for its physiological and its psychological effects.
Sometimes, the use of cocaine starts from taking in a heavy dosage of alcohol and cannabis. The extremely quick and potent effects of cocaine on the brain’s reward centers, however, seem to make this substance more likely than most illegitimate substances to result in patterns of abuse and dependence, even between people who have never been heavy users of any other substances.
The continued rise of different crimes has been often blamed on the using of cocaine. One of the best ways to get rid of the problems brought by cocaine addicted is through letting the cocaine addict to go through a drug rehab. The consequence of the numerous drug rehab centers sprouting up has been possible because of the continual rise of cocaine addiction. Several treatment and drug rehab programs have been established to be able provide help to those victims of cocaine dependency and addiction. Medical treatment and cognitive-behavioral therapies are being provided to these patients. Moreover, the problem of addiction and dependency does not stop with the elimination of the drug intake. It goes as far as teaching the patient a new life free from drugs. Discussing how the addiction came about are also being tackled as part of other treatment programs all for the abolishing of cocaine addiction. There have been cases wherein drug dependency was associated with physical and sexual abuse during childhood. When people couldn’t seem to handle such stressful events, they tend to resort to certain behaviors that may allow them to escape the mere thought of the undesirable experience, which is craving for the euphoric feeling given by drugs.
Cocaine addiction has been blamed for the rising crimes in the society that one of the effective ways to solve them is by letting a cocaine addictive person to go through a drug rehab.