There are four substance-related conditions recognized by experts. Substance intoxication, substance withdrawal, substance abuse, and substance dependence are the four recognized substance-related conditions. These conditions can be identified by varied criteria. Also, these situations are manifested in the context of the substances most generally linked to them. These substances can be grouped in the following categories:
• Central nervous system depressants which includes alcohol, barbiturates,
benzodiazepines, and inhalants.
• Central nervous system stimulants which includes cocaine, amphetamines,
nicotine, and caffeine.
• Opioids which includes heroin and morphine.
• Hallucinogens and phencyclidine (PCP)
Central nervous system depressants directly affect the central nervous system which produces the symptoms of depression and cognitive impairment. Central nervous system stimulants activate the central nervous system and the parts of the brain that registers pleasures. Opioids causes euphoria, lethargy, unconsciousness, and seizures and can be highly addictive. Hallucinogens and phencyclidine (PCP) produce perceptual illusions and distortions ad symptoms ranging from a sense of peace and tranquility to feelings of unreality and violence. On the other hand, the feelings of being high, impairments on cognitive and motor skills, and sometimes, experience of hallucination are the effects of taking in cannabis. These substances once taken in can result to intoxication, withdrawal, abuse, and dependence .
Although they rarely lead to substance-related-disorders, there are many other substances used for intoxicating effects . These substances include anesthetics and analgesics, anticholinergic agents, anticonvulsants, antihistamines, blood pressure medications, antimicrobial medications, antiparkinsonian medications, corticosteroids, and gastrointestinal medications. Although most people exposed to these kind of substances either experience no psychoactive effects or only mild and transient effects, some people experience significant problems in cognition and mood, anxiety, hallucinations, delusions, and seizures when exposed. A diagnosis of other substance-related disorder are given to these people.
One should be quickly wary whenever one happens to know someone who is intoxicated . Intoxication is already alarming because if not quickly attended to can lead withdrawal, abuse, or much worse, dependence. Nevertheless, drug rehab is there to help you deal with abuse and dependence once the intoxication has not been helped.
Drug rehab is the process of assisting someone to improve and recover from a disorder in order to function well again. Whenever drug addiction is present, drug rehab is one of the most important processes to consider. In order to help drug addicted individuals, drug rehab is really very useful. Drug abusers and drug dependents can be helped by the different methods of drug rehab. Drug rehabilitation uses different techniques in order to do such helping. One can get a dose of drug rehab help in many places. There is your local and medical psychiatric societies where one can consult. One can also have an appointment over one’s university medical affiliated programs which are often hospital affiliated. In one’s search for drug rehab, there are much better ways in order to help an individual. One can start to join a health maintenance organization. One has access to different specialist by paying a monthly price compared to paying a per service fee when one decides to join a health maintenance organization. Whenever things go wrong, one will have the assurance.
Substance-related disorders produces many negative effects that is why it is important to know drug rehab.