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Psychiatric Diseases

In the words of the great President FDR -“Men are not prisoners of fate, but only prisoners of their own minds.”.

It’s all in the mind. Indeed, the ways we are influenced and behaved is normally called the system. Everything starts with cognition, what comes next is action. But, what happens when the mind goes awry? This can mean that our behavior will function abnormally. The mind is a very powerful part of us that somehow, whatever it thinks becomes seemingly genuine for the individual when actually it is not. When this happens, our whole personality is affected and could have an impact in our lives as well as affect the people around us.

Psychiatric disorders are mental health disorder. It is a clinically significant behavioral that occurs in an individual that is associated with present distress such as a painful symptom, disability, or a significantly increased risk of death, pain, disability, or an important loss of freedom. In addition, this syndrome must not be merely an expected and culturally sanctioned response to a particular event. For example, the loss of a loved one. Schizophrenia and major depressive disorder are some examples of mental illnesses. A person is diagnosed with psychiatrical disorder when one experiences the following symptoms: confusion; erratic behavior; hearing voices; hallucinations; headaches; depression; anxiety; fatigue; weight loss; anorexia. If a person has three or more of these symptoms, then he/she might have a psychiatric disorder.

Mental disorders do not have definite causes. However, a blend of biological, psychological, and environmental factors would supply to the acquisition of certain mental disorders. A number of biological factors include genetics, prenatal damage, and substance abuse. Substance abuse could affect the chemical stability in the brain which can lead to it’s dysfunction. And for some, psychiatric disorders are hereditary. Schizophrenia for example, had been found to be genetic. Psychological and environmental factors may include trauma. These experiences could have an impact on the person’s well being and thus if emotional wounds are not immediately mend, these could lead to mental disorders.

Psychiatrical disorders are treated with therapy- behaviors or cognitive, and medications. Antidepressants are used for individuals who are clinicall depressed and anxious. Anxiolytics are used for anxiety disorders and other related disorders such as insomnia. Anxiolytics stabilizes moods for bipolar disorders and antipsychotic for psychotic disorders. In addition, electroconvulsive therapy is sometimes used in severe cases when other interventions for depression have been unsuccessful. Creative therapies such as music, art, and drama therapy are sometimes used. Also, in line with the cognitive-behavioral treatment, lifestyle adjustments and supportive measures are used such as support groups.

Some disorders are transient and some may last a lifetime. In some way, the given treatment will never take away the disorder but will only lessen the symptom to be able to make an individual live a normal life. A few disorders may be very limited in their parctiacl effects, while others may involve substantial disability and support needs.

People in all walks of life could be afflicted with a psychiatric disorder. Based on varying personalities, an individual could possibly develop a disorder of the mind depending on how he/she react to stimulus around his or her environment such as stressful events in one’s life. For example, a loss of a loved one is a traumatic yet natural phase in a person’s life. Everyone in this lifetime will really experience loss. Grieving, getting angry, and feeling pain are natural reactions to loss. But everything has its limits. Thus, the negative feeling soon subsides and is replaced with hope and strength so as the person tries to recover from the loss. On the other hand, when one’s negative emotion such as sadness does not subside, the diagnosis is different. When an emotion goes ahead to the dysfunction of the life of an individual, the individual is sure to need professional help. We can say that this individual has acquired a mental disorder due to not recovering from the loss.

Our own minds will always serve us our prison cells.Anyone can always say that being happy is a state of mind yet we must also take into account that being sad is also a state of mind.

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