A prototype of a drug addict would probably be someone seen in the corner of the streets. These drug addicts are for all time looking cautiously around, doing anxiety-related behaviors, yet very discrete with these behaviors. Usually, these people are avoided by passersby and are looked at by society with judgmental eyes. These addicts secretly acquire the drugs from a dealer in a rendezvous.
However, if we come to realize, addicts also come from those who normally participates in the cycle of society. These addicts that we so called could be your own babysitter, the newspaperman, the bagel man, or even taxi driver who drives you everyday to work. Like almost everyone, these people are those who buy prescribed drugs in pharmacies. Yes. Prescription drugs could be as as any illegal drugs. People who buy drugs at the pharmacy might be as addicted to certain drugs as to those who discretely buy illegal drugs from drug dealers in the corners of every street.
Prescription drug provides its function when it is prescribed by the doctor to the patient in order to treat any health-related problems. Except, what we did not perceive coming was that these prescription drugs have the potential to be a reason of dependency and addiction. In 2007, about 7 million Americans abuse prescription drugs. Furthermore, it is a fact that prescription drug addiction also exists in other parts of the world and not just in America.
It is quite safe to say that nobody is safe from addiction because even those who are being prescribed by professionals can get prescription addiction. On the other hand, we should recognize that if taken properly, these drugs need not be addictive. It is when we take more than what is prescribed that we are more likely to be a candidate for prescription drug addiction.
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, there are three types of commonly abused prescription drugs. These are opioids, depressants, and stimulants.
Opioids are given to individuals who suffer chronic pain. Opiods do not just take away the feelings of pain but they also cause euphoria. Opioids work by binding to opioid receptors found in the central nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract.
Central nervous system depressants are used to treat anxiety problems, acute stress, and sleep disorders. As depressants, they make the brain to function slowly. Long terms and large doses of depressants could lead to tolerance and thus, the body would need larger doses to attain the “relaxing” feeling caused by the drug. These results to addiction.
Stimulants, on the other hand, do the opposite of depressants. These drugs increase brain activities, augmenting energy, awareness, and alertness, and are used to treat attention deficit disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and narcolepsy. Stimulants make the heart rate to increase as well as respiration which can be interpreted by the user as euphoria.
An individual is said to be an addict to the drug when he or she needs larger amount of the drug to attain certain effects. Most likely, when their physicians discontinue prescribing the drug, they go “doctor shopping”, asking friends to get hold of drugs for them. Now, that patient becomes an addict. Most of the time, elder people are the ones susceptible to prescription drug abuse. They did not will it. Regrettably, they just tend to be prescribed with more medications than the younger ones. The chief cause of the increase in the incidence of prescription drug abuse is still not known. However, it cannot be denied that ease of access of the drug could be a contributing factor.
Top treat prescription drug addiction will depend upon the substance being addicted to The needs of the person should also be taken into account. Behavioral and pharmacological are the two main courses of drug addiction. Behavioral treatment encourages patient to stop drug use and teach them how to function normally even without the drug. Counseling should go hand in hand so as to and follow up the patient for any development. Medication could also be of great help most especially with opioid addiction.
Any drug is not free from addiction
. To treat this addiction, one needs a good combination of behavioral and pharmacological treatment.