The rising of many illnesses and disorders has created such a huge havoc in any society. It smoothed and used the intelligence of psychologists and mind specialists to discover on how to treat such illnesses and disorders. These treatments can be in a lot ways such as by manner of biological treatments, by way of psychological therapies and by way of approaching the illness or the disorder socially.
Biological treatments usually entail the use of drugs prescribed by a physician or a specialist. There are anti-psychotic medications that one’s made up perceptual experiences, unreal way of thinking, and other symptoms of psychosis could be decreased. Examples of these anti-psychotic drugs are Thorazine, Haldol, and Clozaril. There are also antidepressant drugs that help the symptoms of depressions decrease. Parnate, Elavil, and Prozac are examples of these. Lithium is also part of these biological treatments. Lithium does its job by blocking calcium channel that causes mania. It is also an anti- convulsant. Examples of lithium are Lithobid and Cibalith-S. Also part of biological treatments is barbiturates and benzodiazepines that work by reducing anxiety. Example of a barbiturate is a Nembutal and example of a benzodiazepine is Valium. Electroconvulsive therapies and psychosurgery is also part of these biological treatments but use only in strict and very rare situations.
Treating illnesses and disorders by psychological therapies focuses on determining and solving conflicts that happens to be unconscious. behavior therapies, Cognitive therapies, and humanistic therapies are the things included in every psychological therapies. Behavior therapies function by way of influencing the maladaptive behaviors of people. Cognitive therapies work by way of challenging and trying to change the maladaptive ways of how people think while humanistic therapies tries to help people in finding out their greatest potential and healing themselves in the process.
Behavior therapies are founded on the patient’s behavioral assessment. How these behaviors come about is the chief work of behavioral assessment. Upon knowing these attitudes and behaviors, the therapist devises methods and techniques in extinguishing the unwanted behaviors and in learning pleasing ones.
Cognitive therapies have three main goals. First, identify the irrational and maladaptive ways of thinking of the individual. Second, teach individuals to reflect on other alternative ways of thinking. Third, to get the individual to face his or her worst fears and identify ways on coping up.
Being a person-centered therapy is what makes of humanistic therapies. This is done through investigating the self and discovering one’s potentialities and place in the world. The assumption for this therapy lies in the idea that the only way for an individual is to grow.
Another way of approaching the problems of these illnesses and disorders is solving it socially. This way of approaching illnesses and disorders aims viewing a person as part of very large systems of relationship. Social forces of the culture that one belongs help in shaping a person. The social approach believes that this large system must be part and must be addressed in therapy. The social way of approaching as a treatment is compiled by many factors. One factor in approaching socially is interpersonal therapy. Interpersonal therapy tries to discover
what has contributed to the person’s depression. It determines who are the key persons involved in the recent stress and what are the present disputes and disappointments. It helps evaluates whether the person is learning how to get by with the problem and in finding what are the patients assets. Family Systems Therapy is also part of this approach. Family System Therapy believes that the individuals’ problem rises from an interpersonal system particularly the family system. This therapy challenges and disrupts the present dysfunctional dynamics that the family has in order to help the individual with the disorder recover. Also included in this social approach is a group therapy. Group therapy works by having a number of individual who has illnesses and disorders to chat about their experiences and in the process starts healing.
Biological treatments, psychological therapies, and the social approach in trying to treat illnesses and disorders are the holistic options one can avail to when he or she is diagnosed of having disorders. Holistic options are said to be the most efficient treatment since it encompasses everything. On the other hand, one can also avail of a specialty treatment dependent upon what it is that really cause the disorder. Most centers have specialty treatments to help the individual recover. There is always help for anyone. It is not necessary to suffer long for any disorders.
Holistic Options and specialty treatments are provided in order to help suffering individuals’ recover.