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Cocaine Addiction as Part of Dual Diagnosis

Ever since, the problem of cocaine addiction has always been present. It can affect every level of the society. It can be a main variable to ruined one’s family. Cautiousness should always be present. This kind of addiction usually begins from simple things leading to big and complicated problems.

The origins of cocaine can be traced from the coca plant. Cocaine can be used in many different ways. It can be snorted for its effects to be felt quicker. It can also be injected to the body by letting it melt first in the water. The use of cocaine produces feelings of euphoria. Repetitions of experiencing the euphoria is what makes people to keep on utilizing this kind of substance.

There are indications when one can say that a person is cocaine addicted. These signs can be seen via intoxication symptoms and withdrawal symptoms. Examples of withdrawal symptoms are dysphoric kinds of disposition, being restless, horrid kind of dreams, too much or oversleeping, overeating, and a very high level of anxiety. On the other hand, convulsions,upper body pains, difficulty of breathing, muscles turning very delicate, weight loss, and behavioral changes are examples of intoxication symptoms.

The very apparent change in behavior is the thing that is most noticed when one gets tangled to an addictive substance. These behavioral changes can include the following: changes in the way one interacts with people, hypervigilance, hypersensitivity, too much anxiety, and easiness to get angry. This can be summed up as a damaged way of thinking.

These changes in behavior due to the use of drug can actually develop to a mental illness. Substance addiction plus a mental illness does actually have a term, dual diagnosis. Dual diagnosis is the co-occurrence of substance abuse problem and a mental disorder. There are certain types of substances that can lead to a mental disorder as explained by the causality theory of dual diagnosis. This due to the fact of the effects the substance brings. Example of this is the substance cocaine.

This co-occurrence of a substance abuse problem and mental illness leads to the problem of how to treat an individual suffering this kind of situation. When one has substance abuse dilemmas, he or she is most of the time advised to be put in a center to recover. When one also has mental illness, there are centers that cater to their special needs. However, there are actually no centers that specialize in the treatment of a co-occurrence of a mental disorder and a substance abuse problem. Experts in treating substance abuse problems have little or no idea in treating a person with mental disorder and vice versa.

Dual diagnosis is quite new in the field of psychology that treatment for this situation only exists by standards. The way in treating substance abuse problems and the way in treating the problem of mental illness should be joined together. The kind of treatment should not be taken apart from each other but like the disease, should co-exist.

Cocaine addiction and mental illness’ symptoms can overlap each other leaving it hard for dual diagnosis to treat easily. There is also the problem of denial. In most cases, a cocaine addict would not acknowledge that he or she is into drugs. The specialist would then assume that the individual only has a mental illness when in fact, the mental illness is due to his or her use of the drugs. The greatest factor for dual diagnosis is recover is for the affected to really want help. When the affected is the one to ask for help, denial would never be a problem. Thus, recovery is on its way.

Dual diagnosis is the occurrence of cocaine addiction that can result to having a mental illness.

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