According to the Fourth Edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, in order to diagnose an individual of having opium addiction, he or she must meet the following criteria:
1. Demonstrating excessive or incorrect use of opium.
2. Being preoccupied with obtaining or using opium.
3. Having an increased or decreased tolerance for opium.
4. Having trouble stopping or reducing your drug use once you start using opium, or stopping the use of opium for a while, only to start using opium again.
5. Experiencing withdrawal symptoms when you discontinue or reduce your use of opium.
6. Proceeding to use opium even though it causes problems in your life.
7. Giving up important activities or losing relationships because of opium.
To be diagnosed of having an opium addiction, he or she should meet three out of seven of the above criteria.
The addiction to opium mostly involves evidence of getting dependent on opium physiologically. There should also be repeated problems as a result from the use of opium.
There is a maladaptive pattern on the use of opium that leads to at least three or more of the following:
1. The body’s tolerance on opium as defined by either
a. The necessity for a markedly increased quantity of opium to achieve the effect the user desires
b. A markedly reduced effect of opium as a result of the prolonged use of the same amount of the substance
2. There is withdrawal as apparent by either
a. The characteristic withdrawal syndrome for the substance opium
b. The similar or a highly related substance is taken in to allay or distance from withdrawal symptoms
3. Opium is usually taken in larger quantities or it is taken over a longer period than was intended
4. There is a persistent desire or the effort of unsuccessfully cutting or controlling the use of opium
5. There is a great deal of time spent in activities that are necessary to get hold of opium, use opium, or to recover from the effects of the drug
6. Activities that are relevant socially, occupationally, or recreationally are given up or trimmed down because of the use of opium
7. The using of opium is not stopped\discontinued despite having the knowledge of persistent or recurrent physical or psychological problems caused by the use of opium
Opium addiction is not so much different with any other kind of drug addiction. Like every kind of substance addiction, opium addiction also has a lot of many harmful consequences. These negative consequences include an extreme bad change in one’s behavior, slurring of one’s way of talking, lethargy or even coma, hallucinations or illusions, and attention and memory problems. As clearly observable, the drastic negative change in one’s behavior can often end up in chaos on the opium addicted individual and the people around him or her. In the problem that concerns opium addiction, it is very important t that one should act fast for its prevention.
Opium rehab is the best thing to do on your problems of opium addiction. Opium rehab is most often comprised of using medical treatments, behavioral treatments, and cognitive treatments. Medical treatments work by means of using prescribed drugs in order to counteract the effects given of by opium. These prescribed drugs that counters the effect of opium can either be methadone or suboxone. On the other hand, behavioral and cognitive treatments are often used in combination to successfully cure the addiction to opium. These usually involve on encouraging an individual in stopping the use of opium. It also engages the replacing of use of opium as a way to manage up the stress of life while teaching them new ways in coping up. In order to eliminate opium addiction, it is important to use the techniques behavioral and cognitive treatment brings because it changes the rewards and punishment that comes with the used of the opium drug.
Opium rehab is necessary to take out an individual from the dangers of opium addiction.