One of the highly addictive substances known is the white powder extracted from the coca plant popularly known as cocaine. There are different ways on how to use cocaine in order for its effects to be felt quickly. This includes snorting the powder and dissolving the powder in water then injecting it intravenously. In the 1970s, freebase cocaine appeared when users developed a method for separating the most potent chemicals in cocaine by heating it with ether. This freebase cocaine is more potent. It is often smoked in a water pipe or is combined in a tobacco or marijuana cigarette. A form of free-base cocaine that is boiled down into tiny chunks, or rocks, which are usually smoked is known as crack.
The nucleus accumbens and the ventral tegmental area are the parts of the brain being activated by cocaine. These parts of the brain are known to register the feelings of pleasure and reward. The releasing of dopamine into the synapses in these areas of the brain and then binds to receptors on neighboring synapses happen when a pleasurable event happens. Cocaine blocks the reuptake of dopamine into the transmitting neuron, causing dopamine to accumulate in the synapse, maintaining the pleasurable feeling.
Feelings of great self-esteem, alertness, energy, and a general feeling of competence, creativity, and social acceptability happens after the initial sense of euphoria produced by the taken in of cocaine. The feeling of being drugged is not often felt. A feeling of becoming the person they always wanted to be happens instead. Cocaine produces feelings of to grandiosity, impulsiveness, hypersexuality, compulsive behavior, agitation, and anxiety, reaching the point of panic and paranoia when taken in very heavy dosage. Feelings of exhaustion and depression happens after stopping the sue of the substance which is often followed by sleeping for long amounts of time. Users also feel an intense craving for more of the substance, both for its physiological and its psychological effects.
Many cocaine abusers and dependents started with heavy alcohol or marijuana use and then graduated to harder substances, including cocaine. The extremely quick and potent effects of cocaine on the brain’s reward centers, however, seem to build this substance more likely than most illegal substances to result in patterns of abuse and dependence, even between people who have never been heavy users of any other substances.
The continued rising of different crimes has been often blamed on the using of cocaine. By letting addict to go through a drug rehab, the problems brought about by cocaine addiction is slowly being rid of. As cocaine addiction is on the rise, different drug rehab centers have been sprouting in order to help the cocaine problem. Victims of cocaine dependency and addiction is being helped by several established treatment and drug rehab programs. Medical treatment and cognitive-behavioral therapies are being provided to these patients. However, the elimination of the taking in of drugs is not the only problem of cocaine addiction and dependency. The treatment goes further as teaching the patient a life free from drugs. Other treatment programs include opening of old wounds that might have caused the addiction. There have been cases wherein drug dependency was associated with physical and sexual abuse during childhood. When people couldn’t seem to handle such stressful events, they tend to resort to certain behaviors that may allow them to escape the mere thought of the undesirable experience, which is craving for the euphoric feeling given by drugs.
Cocaine addiction has been blamed for the rising crimes in the society that one of the effective ways to solve them is by letting a cocaine addictive person to go through a drug rehab.