Do you remember your very first sip of an alcoholic beverage? What sensations did you feel? What happened to your body? To your senses? What happened to you? Tipsy or drunk, alcohol, as it enters the body, affects almost all of you. Do you remember having to pee every time after having drunk at least 3 shots of alcohol? Or have you felt the world spinning around you while you take that last sip of vodka? These are just few of the effects of alcohol and what it can do to your body as well as to your health.
Alcohol belongs to a family of chemicals that contain carbon and hydrogen. It is the ethanol or commonly known as ethyl alcohol that serves as the active ingredient in alcoholic beverages. It is a colorless and nearly tasteless fluid that is easily and quickly absorbed by the body. Alcohol is actually a depressant contrary to it being popular as a stimulant. It wears down the task of all living cells, especially those in the brain. Anesthetics and tranquilizers belongs to the same group as alcohol.
After being take in, alcohol is not being digested. Alcohol quickly goes through our body, quickly affecting our tissues and organs. It quickly comes out in the bloodstream, and its intoxicating effects are felt within a few minutes. That explains the heat you feel after having taken in several rounds of any hard drink. The body begins immediately to try to get free of the alcohol. It is absorbed through the small intestine directly into the bloodstream. It then proceeds to the liver, where it is metabolized. However, when it is consumed at a faster speed than the body’s metabolism can handle (about one 12-ounce can of beer per hour), alcohol builds up in the bloodstream and is scattered throughout the body. The higher the concentration of alcohol, the greater the disturbance it has on body cells. Severe disruption of function can occur and can cause death. The effects of alcohol on various organs will be discussed in more detail below.
The brain and most parts of the body are directly affected negatively by alcohol consumption. The human brain is most sensitive to alcohol. Alcohol affects the entire body, but its effects on the tasks of the brain are the most obvious -and to the person who is drinking, the most important. People drink alcohol because of the way it makes them feel, ignoring the damaging effects on the brain itself. The brain reacts to alcohol in stages. The first portion of the brain to be affected is the cerebrum – the outermost layer, which is accountable for controlling the senses, speech, understanding, and judgment. Alcohol slows down first the parts of the brain that regularly control actions and emotions. It shows as if alcohol -although it is a depressant -is standing in as a stimulant because, as these higher centers of the brain are knocked out, the drinker feels liberated from moral and legal restrictions. Animation and the lost of inhibitions are the product of losing these restraints. The alcohol keeps on to slow down brain functions, resulting in slurred speech, unsteady walk, blurry vision, and loss of co-ordination. Drinkers often feel that their manual skills have been improved because their judgment has been impaired, while in reality their reaction times are slowed and their muscle coordination is less efficient. Next, the drinker experiences different exaggerations of the emotions that can vary from violence and aggressiveness to tearfulness and withdrawal. If a person continues to drink, the body protects itself from further damage by falling asleep. Alcohol disrupts the memory as well as the ability to learn new things.
Treatment for alcohol addiction is not that easy. Alcoholics would mainly deny the fact that they are alcoholics. Thus, the first step in treating alcohol addiction is letting the individual recognize that he has turn out to be dependent with alcohol and that this dependency is a severe problem that requires treatment very soon. Alcohol addiction treatment would entail medication and cognitive-behavioral therapy. Therapy is important in treatment because alcoholics need to have a change of lifestyle. They need to cope with life that is alcohol-free. This is not as easy as one, two, three. It entails hard work, commitment, discipline, and the unending support of family and friends.
Alcohol addiction is one of the very great problems being faced in by our society and it requires quick treatment in order to be solve.